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The landscaping basics do help you create a beautiful yard. The one you've always wanted. Check out landscaping design ideas which can add charm, welcoming color, and foliage to your New Baltimore Michigan yard. No matter what your goals -- and your needs -- there's a landscape plan for you.

34 Landscaping Terms You should know

1. Perennial – Perennials are flowering plants which continue to bloom each year after you are plant them.

2. Annual – Annuals are flowering plants which bloom for a single season and are replanted each year.

3. Deciduous – Deciduous trees and shrubs lose their leaves each year and are mostly bare and dormant during the winter.

4. Self-Seeding Plants – This type of plant tends to sow its seeds as it sees fit, this means you might be surprised by the number of seedlings coming up during next season.

5. Underplanting – Underplanting is the practice of planting smaller plants and flowers close to the base of larger plants in an effort to fill out your space and add more color to your landscaping design without using up more space in your yard.

6. Barrier Plants – These plants have thorns or other unappealing characteristics that help keep bad guys out of your yard, keep kids from walking through your yard on their way home from the bus stop or keep your dogs from digging in your vegetable garden.

7. Evergreen – Evergreen trees and shrubs keep their foliage throughout the year, which is often appealing to homeowners in San Diego County and Orange County where we entertain outdoors whether it is summer or winter.

8. Monoecious – Monoecious plants and trees have both male and female sex organs, which means they are self-fertile and can produce their flowers or fruits without the need for cross pollination.

9. Dioecious – Dioecious plants and trees are either male or female and require cross pollination with an opposite sex plant in order to produce flowers or fruit.

10. Arbor – This type of structure has an open framework, is often made of wood and is sometimes shaped in an arch. The purpose of arbors is to provide shade and a trellis-type structure on which vines or plants can climb.

11. Trellis – This type of garden structure is quite common in landscape design and is used to support climbing vines and plants. It is often made of wood or lattice, but plastic and metal trellises are also widely available.

12. Deck – A deck is generally a raised structure that is most often made of wood or a composite material made to look like wooden boards.

13. Gazebo – Gazebos are free-standing, covered garden structures that are most often made of wood or latticework, but can be made with other materials. They are generally open on the sides with solid or lattice half walls and a solid roof.

14. Belvedere – A belvedere may be a gazebo-style structure or may be an open gallery in your garden, but the defining characteristic of this structure is that it emphasizes a remarkable view or focal point.

15. Privacy Screen – Fences, trellises, shrubs can be used to create a structure which is intended to block the view of a certain area or your entire yard to increase privacy or hide something unsightly.

16. Pergola – A pergola is also an open framework structure – like a trellis or arbor – but they are often larger, sturdier and used to provide shade over larger areas, such as a pathway or patio. Pergolas are attractive options for providing shade over outdoor living areas.

17. Patio – As opposed to a deck, patios are generally made from paving stones, river rocks, bricks, concrete or other hard materials. A patio may or may not be attached to your home and is usually not covered.

18. Terrace – Like a patio, a terrace may or may not be attached to your home and is made from hard materials. However, unlike a patio, a terrace is generally raised off of the ground.

19. Veranda – This feature is a covered outdoor living area which is attached to your home.

20. Easement – You know that strip of land between the sidewalk and the curb in front of your house is called an easement. Depending on where you live and the zoning in your area, there may be other easements on your property as well.

21. Portico –A portico is most similar to a porch, since it is covered, attached to your home and associated with an entryway.

22. Retaining Wall – This important structure is a wall made of wood, concrete, paving stones, bricks or other materials with the intention of stabilizing slopes and preventing excessive erosion.

23. Raised Bed – These handy garden structures are often seen in vegetable gardens, but can also be used for flowers and other plants. When creating raised beds, which are often bordered by large wood planks or railroad ties, the soil is built up higher than the surrounding earth. Some gardeners prefer the orderly look of these beds, while others use this technique to overcome a less-than-ideal drainage or soil situation.

24. Building Codes – This means the laws and regulations that tell you how, where and with what you can build your structures and features in your yard. One of the nice things about working with a professional landscape designer or landscape architect is that he or she will usually be well versed when it comes to building codes.

25. Building Permits – Some landscaping features may require a permit from your local government (city or county). This will entail submitting plans to your city or county so that they can approve your project before you begin. Fences, patios, swimming pools and permanent structures are examples of some of the features in your design that will likely require a building permit.

26. Porch – A porch is also a covered outdoor area that is attached to your home. It is true, a porch is usually associated with a main front or back entry into the house.

27. Set Back – An important part of landscape design. A set back is the required distance for placement of trees, plants or structures from houses and property lines.

28. Hardscape – Hardscape refers to walls, patios, walkways and other non-living or non-plants in your landscaping design often made from wood, brick, stone or concrete.

29. Xeriscaping – This refers to a type of landscaping that is most often used in areas that are prone to drought and focuses on reducing the amount of water used for landscaping. Usally supported by native plants.

30. Ground Cover – Ground cover is pretty much anything used to cover the soil, this may include low-growing plants, mulch, gravel, bark or various types of wood chips.

31. Landscaping Fabric (aka Weed Fabric) – This handy landscaping tool comes in rolls and can be placed over bare soil prior to installing your ground cover to limit weed growth.

32. Grading – This process is used to move earth to adjust the slope of the land to allow for proper drainage and functionality.

33. Terracing – Land with a significant slope may benefit from and become more usable with terracing, which is the process of creating multiple level areas in a stair-like fashion that often includes the use of retaining walls to control erosion and soil movement.

34. Softscape – Softscape refers to the natural parts of your landscaping, such as plants, trees and the soil.





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